Foundations

What every beginner should know!

Dictation Spelling Practice

  • short (a)
  • short (i)
  • short (u)
  • short (o)
  • short (e)
  • (ea) combination
  • Digraph (th)
  • Digraph (wh)
  • Digraph (sh)
  • Digraph (ch)
  • Bossy "r" (ar)
  • Vowel Pattern (a-e, ay)
  • Vowel Pattern (ai, eigh)
  • Review (a-e,ai,ay,eigh)
  • Singular, Plural (ant, ants)
  • Singular, Plural (branch, branches)
  • Suffixes (ed, ing)
  • Ending (le) as in apple
  • Vowel Pattern (ee, -e)
  • Vowel Pattern (ea)
  • Vowel Pattern (-y)
  • Vowel Pattern (ey, ie)
  • Review ( ee, ea, -e, -y, ey, ie)


  • Vowel Pattern (old, ost)
  • Variant Vowel Pattern (or)
  • Review (o-e, oe, oa, -o, ow, old, ost)
  • Vowel Pattern (u-e, ue)
  • Vowel Pattern (ew, ui)
  • Review (u-e, ue, ui, ew)
  • Review Long Vowel Patterns
  • Suffix (bye-bye "e")
  • Contractions
  • Spelling Pattern (are)
  • Variant Vowel Bossy "r" (ur)
  • Variant Vowel Bossy "r" (ir)
  • Variant Vowel Bossy (or)
  • Variant Vowel Pattern (long oo)
  • Variant Vowel Pattern (ow, ou)
  • Variant Vowel Pattern (aw, au, al, all)
  • (wa) as in water
  • Variant Vowel Pattern (oy, oi)
  • Soft c (ce, ci, cy)
  • Soft g (ge, gi, gy)
  • Soft g (dge)

Reading Strategies that work in Every Content Area

  • Reread
  • Activate Prior Knowledge
  • Use Context Clues
  • Think Aloud
  • Summarize
  • Locate Key Words
  • Make Predictions
  • Visualize
  • Use Graphic Organizers
  • Evaluate Understanding
  • Question the Text
  • Paraphrase
  • Adjust Reading Rate
  • Prioritize Information
  • Use Graphic Note Taking
  • Set a Reader Purpose
  • Text-connections (text-to-self, text-to-text, text-to-world)
  • 5w's
  • Main idea
  • Sequence
  • Five elements of a story
  • Problem-solution
  • Setting
  • Plot elements


Grammatical Order that works for beginners!

  • Nouns: common and proper
  • Pronouns: she
  • Verbs: play
  • Present tense: She plays
  • Nouns: She play game
  • Plural: She plays 3 games
  • Preposition of place : She plays 3 games at park ( at, in, on)
  • Indefinite/Definite Articles : She plays 3 games at the park (the/an/an)
  • Verbs followed by prepositions : She listens to music at the park (to, from, about)
  • Verb to be- am, are, is, I am, you are, he is, she is, it is, they are, we are
  • Present Progressive: She is playing 3 games
  • Past Tense : She played 3 games
  • Simple Predicate: Is the main word or phrase that tells something about the subject of the sentence- The brown horse appeared at the starting line
  • Possessive Adjectives: my, your, his, her, its and their
  • Possessive Pronouns: mine, his, hers, theirs and ours
  • Pronoun forms: him, her and them- these are used when a pronoun is the object in a sentence. Ex. I will go with him.